economic structure. China should also invest more

 in the service secto爱上海女神会所r, and deregulate the services for the elderly and children, and medical care and education.

Although its overall economic uncertainty has increased, China’s economy still has great pote

ntial in terms of service and consumption, especially because it is a market of more than 1.3 bil

lion people including a middle-income group of 400 million all of whom are seeking a better life.

Current policy package strong enough to counter headwinds, economist says

China has no immediate need of aggressive stimulus to support growth unless trade tensions with the United States m

ore visibly weigh on growth momentum, and greater patience and policy preparation are needed now for market-

oriented, longer-term reform and opening-up, a senior economist said in an exclusive interview.

Given the uncertainty from China-US trade friction, macroeconomic polic

ies should always be prepared to support the economy, especially if growth mome

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The escalation in trade tensions between China and the

he United States, may lead to weaker business confidence and slower

global trade growth, which is expected to weigh on investment and exports in 2020. But in the n

ear term, as China shows positive surprise in GDP growth in the first quarter, and the macroeconomic policies hav

e taken effects on stabilizing the growth, the GDP growth rate is likely to stay at 6.2 percent, the report said.

“In response to the growth moderation and less favorable external conditions, the government in

troduced a fiscal stimulus emphasizing tax incentives,” said Martin Raiser, World Bank Country director for China.

“While the central government has fiscal space to further increase spending, if necessary, the additional stimulus should be ap

propriately funded either directly at the central level or through additional fiscal transfers to the provinces. Highe

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The meeting highlighted the importance of strengthen

 innovative capabilities as well as opening-up and cooperation in this regard, and called for improving the services and

environment for opening-up and cooperation so that development is promoted through opening-up, inn

ovation is advanced through reforms and win-win results are achieved through cooperation, it said.

Tough and newly emerging problems should be resolved through deepening reforms, the statement said, adding that the

capability of dealing with challenges and preventing risks should be intensified.

The meeting required Shanxi province, a coal-abundant area in North Ch

ina, to conduct pilot reforms in its energy industry and take the lead in the whole cou

ntry in areas such as promoting clean and low-carbon energy use and enhancing innovatio

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The huge domestic consumer market in China will dige

est most of the unsalable exports, and many of China’s exports will also shift to other foreign markets. The US will continu

e to purchase China-made goods if there are no substitutes, but US consumers will need to pay more, Guo said.

Research released by the International Monetary Fund on Friday showed that some of these tariffs have

been passed on to US consumers, while others have been absorbed by importers leading to lower profit margins.

US restrictions on high-tech exports to China will push up Washington’s trade deficit with China, and

rising prices could also reverse the low inflation in the US. Meanwhile, any speculative trading on the Chin

ese currency amid its depreciation pressure will “inevitably suffer from a huge loss”, Guo said in his speech.

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ic importance to Huawei. “TSMC produces most of H

uawei’s chips. Only with its cooperation is it possible for Huawei to have a Plan B in stocking

in-house processors in order to offset fallout from the US ban on its access to US chips,” Xiang said.

He said the move by Panasonic also showcases that the Japanes

e tech company is not willing to surrender to political pressure from Washington, after ear

lier reports that it had stopped shipments of certain components to Huawei. The firm bought $6.3 billion wort

h of products including batteries and electronic components from Panasonic in 2018, according to Nikkei Asian Review.

United Kingdom-based mobile operator EE said on We

dnesday that its 5G network in the UK would rely on equipment made by Huawei.

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Weaker economic growth puts at risk essential invest

ments in areas such as education, health, climate change adaptation and sustainable infrastructure.

The growth outlook in all major developed economies and most developin

g regions has weakened due to a confluence of both domestic and external factors, the report said.

Following an expansion of 3 percent in 2018, world gross product growth is now projected to moderat

e to 2.7 percent in 2019 and 2.9 percent in 2020, reflecting a downward revision from the forecasts released in January.

The report identifies several downside risks that could trigger a sharper or more prolonged growth slowdown, potentially infl

icting significant damage on development progress. Those risks include a further escalation in trade te

nsions, a sudden deterioration in financial conditions, and the accelerating effects of climate change.

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Wang said the Sino-US trade talks have made important

and substantive progress thanks to efforts from both sides. Meanwhile the talks face some serious problems which need to be resolved.

The top diplomat said that as long as the negotiations meet the general direction of China’s reform an

d opening-up policy, adhere to China’s basic needs about high-quality development and serve the com

mon interests of the Chinese and US people, the negotiator teams from both sides could have the capability and w

isdom to settle their reasonable demands and eventually achieve a win-win agreement.

Wang said China insists on upholding national sovereignty, safeguarding the inter

ests of its people and defending national honor when negotiating with any country.

According to the General Administration of Customs, trade between

China and the US in the first four months stood at 1.1 trillion yuan ($160 billion).

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

shoppingfair.org

he scholars suggested that authorities such as th

 National Health Commission should monitor all gene-editing centers and IVF clinics in China to ensure trials are in line with regulations.

A national registry dedicated to clinical trials involving cell technologies should be established to pro

mote greater transparency, they said, so that before a trial begins scientists would need to pass an

ethics review and provide a list of names of all participating scientists and institutions.

Universities and research institutes should strengthen education and

training in bioethics and scientific and medical professionalism, covering research sci

entists and students of science, medicine and the humanities at all levels, they said.

In addition, more efforts should be undertaken to eliminate prejudice against people wi

th disabilities, which exists in the minds of some scholars, they said. Following the gene-edited baby incid

ent, government departments have vowed to improve supervision, and new regulations are being made or revised.

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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